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Golden Poison Frog

Scientific name:
Phyllobates terribilis

Conservation status:

Fun facts:
The Guardian, a British news and media website, once worked with this species of frog. In a video on youtube, the frog was described as "like holding a loaded gun". The reason it was described this way is due to its poison, which, like many other dart frogs, is extremely potent. According to the Aquarium of the Pacific:

"Although all poison dart frogs are venomous, only three have poison that is lethal to humans. The golden poison frog is one of these and the most deadly. Its poison is 20 times more toxic than that of other dart frogs. It is reported that an amount of poison equal to 2-3 grains of table salt is enough to cause the death of a human. Perhaps, that is the reason their other common name is terrible frog."

This frog is also the largest known poison dart frog, as well as one of the most recently discovered, having the first discovered and documented in 1973, less than 50 years ago. It's also a competitor for the most deadly animal on earth, with many claiming it to already have that crown

This frog is found exclusively in Columbia, in South America, with close relatives found nearby along the coast, and in Central America ( It's possible that they could be found in other places, but the Colombian cartels pose too much of a threat to survey the area (

According to
"Golden poison frogs thrive in lowland Amazonian rainforests. This an extremely humid region that receives up to 5 m of rain per year and a minimum of 1.25 m. The region they inhabit is characterized by a hilly landscape, elevations varying from 100 to 200 m, and is covered by areas of wet gravel and small saplings, and relatively little leafy debris. They are terrestrial animals that live on the forest floor, but they rely on freshwater to support their young."

Physical descriptions:
Unlike many frogs of North America that have webbing in between their feet, dart frogs and many frogs of south America have round discs on their feet called toe tips. These enable for a greater climbing skill, which is necessary because of their environment. Their skin is also smooth, a contrast to the warty or lumpy frogs and toads of the north. Now, one of the most notable things about these creatures is the bright gold skin on their backs. Many dart frogs have bright colors as a way of signifying a warning to predators, like imitating an owl as a defense mechanism for moths or imitating various sea life, as with the mimic octopus (which has a dedicated post). The average body length reaches 47 mm for male frogs, but females can reach 50 to 55 mm in size, which is still very tiny, especially for being the largest of the dart frogs.

"Sexual maturity of these frogs is based more on body size than age. Males are usually 3.7 cm (1.5 in) in length and females 4.0 cm (1.6 in), lengths usually reached when the frogs are about 18 months old. Breeding occurs throughout the rainy season. The male sits on a leaf and calls a female with two trilling or buzzing calls, one lasting 6-7 seconds and the other 2-3 seconds. The attracted female and the male move to a moist area such as in a leaf litter or under rocks where she lays 8-28 gelatinous encased eggs that the male fertilizes as she lays them. The male visits the eggs to keep them moist but because of the wet environment, he does not need to moisten the eggs very often. The eggs that are 0.8-1.1 cm (0.3-0.4 in) long are ready to hatch in about two weeks. At that time the male uses his hind legs to free the grey-brown tadpoles from the egg mass."

The fish-shaped tadpoles crawl onto the male’s back and he carries them to a larger area of water such as groundwater or water trapped in the center of bromeliad plants or in a low tree hole.. In about 10 to 14 weeks they metamorphose into miniature adults called froglets that are 1.5-2.0 cm (0.6-0.8 in) in length snout to vent ." (

Flies, ants, beetles, spiders, mites, caterpillars, and maggots. Tadpoles feed on algae, carrion, and sometimes other tadpoles that happen to be smaller than it. A diet of diversity is necessary for this creature, as that's what contributes to creating the toxins


(Don't do what the guy in the picture is doing)